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Bio-geographical Region  


  • A designated area of the Earth determined by the distribution of flora and fauna. The concept has been adoped by the European Union, which has recognised nine terrestrial biogeographical regions, each with its own characteristic blend of vegetation, climate and geology. Marine regions were created for practical reasons for the Article 17 reporting and they are used also in the assessment of marine Natura 2000 sites during biogeographical seminars and associated bilateral meetings (EEA, 2002).


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